Today coffee is one of the most popular drinks within the world. As a stimulant drink, coffee is prepared from roasted beans. Coffee beans even have grow to be one of the high agricultural exports for a lot of countries.
From flower to cherry, the colour of the bean is first green and turns red when it is ripe. The fruit is sweet in taste and after biting off the fresh; each little red cherry contains two seeds. After being picked, the cherries are then processed and dried. The seeds are then roasted to totally different degrees depending on the flavour and there come our brown coffee beans. Typically there are two widespread types of bean: Arabica and Robusta.
Coffea arabica accounts for more than 70% of the world’s coffee trade. Originated from Ethiopia and Yemen, it is known as ‘mountain coffee’ or ‘coffee shrub of Arabia’. Arabica beans are more delicate and planted at higher and cooler ground; making them more costly. They grow at about one thousand to 2000 m above sea level; usually, the higher the altitudes, the harder the beans and the better the quality. So they are also called hard bean coffee. Arabica has a wider style range and the roasted bean is more fruity in smell.
Coffea canephora or Robusta coffee has its origins in Africa, and in addition Brazil which is now surpassed by Vietnam as the biggest exporting country. The plant grows at decrease altitudes near sea degree and requires little rainfall. Robusta plant is hardier and less vulnerable to pest. So it might yield more fruit and the production price is less. The beans are smaller and yellowish in colour. The taste of Robusta is more neutral and the roasted bean has a more burnt scent compared to Arabica.
Which types of bean you like is subjective. Though Arabica bean is pricier, there are different grades of bean. A high quality Robusta will style much better than a low quality Arabica. It is best that you just do some residencework before buying coffee bean. Additionally it is worth noting that Robusta contains higher caffeine compared to Arabica.
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